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This coalfield is traditionally treated as being in two main parts, a northern one around Stoke on Trent and a southern one around Cannock and the Birmingham conurbation, but modern geological knowledge shows it to be continuous through an unworked central area. The former area is also associated with two outlying coalfields to the east. One, a thin strip of coal measures, runs north-south around Shaffalong and had no modern mining. The other, a larger area, is centred on Cheadle and was worked until the 1990s.

Relatively little has been written about this large and important coalfield, but there have been some recent studies.1-20

  1. Leach, J. Coal mining around Quarnford. Staffordshire Studies 8, (1996a), pp 66-96.
  2. Raybould, T.J. The Economic Emergence of the Black Country: A Study of the Dudley Estate (Newton Abbot, David and Charles, 1973)
  3. Chapman, N.A. “A Certain Freehold Mineral Estate Known as the Fox Oak Colliery” British Mining No.23 (1983), pp.34-39
  4. Chapman, N.A. “The Cannock and Huntington Sinking” British Mining No.34 (1987), pp.35-43
  5. Chapman, N.A. “Heath Colliery Co., West Bromwich, Staffs” British Mining No.50 (1994), pp.6-23
  6. Chapman, N.A. “Bournehills Colliery, Rowley Regis, Staffordshire” British Mining No.55 (1995), pp.41-46
  7. Chapman, N.A. “Blakeley Hall and Bromford Collieries, Oldbury, Staffs.” British Mining No.57 (1996), pp.125-133
  8. Chapman, N.A. “Fairoak Colliery, Hednesford, Staffordshire” British Mining No.59 (1997), pp.93-96
  9. Chapman, N.A. A history of the Sandwell Park Collieries (Heartland Press, 1997)
  10. Chapman, N.A. “Brereton Collieries” British Mining No.59 (1997), pp.156-161
  11. Chapman, N.A. “Old Hill or Pearson’s Colliery, Rowley Regis” British Mining No.63 (1999), pp.56-63
  12. Chapman, N.A. “The Rowley Hall Colliery, Rowley Regis, Staffordshire” British Mining No.63 (1999), pp.64-73
  13. Chapman, N.A. A History of Coal Mining Around Halesowen (Heartland, 1999)
  14. Chapman, N.A. “Leighs Wood Colliery Leighs Wood Colliery” British Mining No.67 (2000), pp.26-34
  15. Chapman, N.A. “The Brades Coal and Steel Works, Oldbury, Staffordshire”, British Mining No.75 (2004), pp.47-57
  16. Deakin, P. Collieries in the North Staffordshire Coalfield (Ashbourne: Landmark Publishing Co., 2004)
  17. Various: The Cannock Chase Coalfield and its Coal Mines (Cannock Chase: Cannock Chase Mining Historical Society, 2005)
  18. Edwards, K. The Brereton Collieries 1791-1960 (Cannock Chase: Cannock Chase Mining Historical Society, 2005)
  19. Stone, R. The Collieries and Coalminers of Staffordshire (Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd, 2007)
  20. King, P.W. “Black Country Mining before the Industrial Revolution” Mining History: The Bulletin of the Peak District Mining History Society, Vol.16 No.6 (2007), pp.42-43.

Index of articles published by the Northern Mine Research Society, complied by Alasdair Neill

When the coal industry was nationalised in 1947, there were 59 collieries in Staffordshire; now there are none. The last five pits to close were Lea Hall (1990), Littleton (1993), Florence (1994), Hem Heath (1997) & Silverdale (1998)

Collieries after Nationalisation in 1947

Colliery Location Opened Closed
Baggeridge Sedgely 1905 March 1968
Berry Hill Stoke on Trent 1863 April 1960
Brereton Brereton 1855 July 1960
Brownhills Walsall 1875 (January) (1952)
Cannock & Leacroft Leacroft 1874 (September) (1954) Merged with Mid Cannock
Cannock & Wimblebury Rugeley 1872 (December) (1962)
Cannock Chase No.3 Cannock 1861 1959
Cannock Chase No.9 or Hednesford Cannock 1869 (1951) Merged with Cannock Chase
Cannock Old Coppice Cheslyn Hay 1840 April 1960
Cannock Wood Hednesford 1865 June 1973
Chatterley Whitfield Norton in the Moors 1839 (March) (1977) Merged with Wolstanton
Conduit, No.3 Pit Norton Canes 1850 July 1949
Coppice Heath Hayes 1893 April 1964
Deep Pit Hanley 1854 (February) (1962) Merged with Wolstanton
East Cannock Hednesford 1871 May 1957
Fenton (Glebe) Fenton 1865 October 1964
Florence Longton 1874 April 1994
Folly Stoke on Trent 1938 1950
Foxfield Dilhorne 1880 October 1965
Glasshouse Chesterton 1875 December 1960
Glebe Fenton 1865 October 1964
Grange Cobridge 1875 1947
Great Fenton Great Fenton 1873 January 1969
Hamstead Great Barr 1875 March 1965
Hawkins Cheslyn Hay 1840 April 1960
Hem Heath Trentham 1920 June 1997
Hilton Main Essington 1919 January 1969
Holditch Chesterton 1912 August 1989
Jamage Talke 1875 November 1947
Kemball Heron Cross 1876 November 1963
Lea Hall Rugeley 1954 December 1990
Leycett Leycett 1855 September 1957
Littleton Huntington 1877 December 1993
Madeley Leycett 1855 September 1957
Mid Cannock Rumer Hill 1875 December 1967
Mossfield Longton 1880 May 1963
New Apedale Footrail Chesterton 1945 1947
Nook (Wyrley Cannock No.1) Cheslyn Hay 1863 June 1949
Norton Norton in the Moors 1855 June 1977
Old Coppice (Hawkins) Cheslyn Hay 1840 April 1960
Park Hall Longton 1860 December 1962
Parkhouse Chesterton 1874 May 1968
Rookery Talke 1875 November 1947
Sandwell Park, Diamond Jubilee Pit West Bromwich 1905 September 1960
Shelton, Deep Pits Hanley 1854 (February) (1962) Merged with Wolstanton
Silverdale Silverdale 1855 December 1998
Sneyd Burslem 1887 (July) (1962) Merged with Wolstanton
Stafford No.2 Fenton 1873 January 1969
Standhills Kingswinford 1940 April 1947
Victoria Biddulph 1850 July 1982
Walsall Wood Brownhills 1874 October 1964
West Cannock, No.1 Hednesford 1869 (September) (1958) Merged with Littleton
West Cannock, No.2 Hednesford 1871 (January) (1955) Merged with West Cannock 5
West Cannock, No.3 Hednesford 1871 December 1949
West Cannock, No.5 Hednesford 1914 December 1982
Wimblebury Hednesford 1872 (December) (1962) Merged with West Cannock 5
Wolstanton Wolstanton 1920 October 1985
Wyrley, No.3 Brownhills 1896 (June) (1963) Merged with Mid Cannock
Yew Tree Drift Essington 1947 April 1950
Dates in brackets indicate the date that the colliery merged with another
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