Burngrange Oil Shale Mine, West Calder, 1947
Methane explosion caused by gas that had collected gradually over a period of time in the waste where its presence could not normally be detected,  some of it had been expelled by roof movements or falls of roof in the waste and was ignited by an open acetylene lamp. 15 died.

Hurlet Pit, Paisley, 1805
Explosion. 18 died.

Mauricewood Colliery, Glencourse, 1889
Underground fire. 62 died.

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