These rules were printed in the Inspector of Mines Report 1855 and were the blueprint of the rules that were drawn up for the collieries in the area. The Mines Inspectors were the instrument that enforced the Mining Legislation and was very concerned with safety. Much of their time was spent going from inquest to inquest into the death and men and boys that had been killed in the mines in their areas. They had very large areas to cover and there were a great many accidents but they were in a position to see an overall view and were uniquely positioned to remake recommendations as to safe practice in the civilities.

In reading them the reader will get a very clear idea of the jobs of the workforce of the mine and the names that appear may sound strange when you first meet them but as you read on it will become clear what was expected of the man or the official in the colliery. Every man that was employed in the colliery had, by the rules, to be given a copy of them and it was assumed that he would read and understand them. In the early days, many could not read and there are many records in the Inspector’s Reports and in the local papers of the time of men appearing in court charged with a ‘Breach of the Special Rules’. The cases are reported with headlines like ‘Reckless Collier Charged’. Most were found guilty and were fined a few shillings and costs awarded against them. A few early copies have survived for some collieries and this book is a near copy of those that were given to thee men in the early days of mining so become a drawer, collier, engineman, underlooker, or fireman and learn what your duties would have been in a mine in the mid-nineteenth century.



1. Every Collier shall work Twenty-three full days in each month; sickness, accident, or absence with leave from the Underlooker, only excepted. Every collier failing to make this time, and not coming with the exception, to forfeit Two Shillings and Sixpence, to be retained out of his next wages.

2. Every Collier who shall not present himself at the Pit mouth where he works with his Lamp or Candles (whichever may be prescribed at that Pit), and with his tools in proper order to commence work, before Five o’clock in the morning, shall not be allowed to descend the pit.

3. Every Collier shall send up his coals in the tubs provided, either Riddled and free from dirt, or Unriddled but free from dirt where the mixture is sent; and shall send up such Tubs,  whether of Coal, Slack, or Mixture, in full measure, and marked in the usual way by Cuts or Tallies; and every Tub not so Riddled or free from dirt, or not so marked and filled, shall be absolutely forfeited, and not paid for.

4. Where lines are suspended from the roof to show the course of any level, end, or drift, every Collier shall work according to such lines, and shall not be paid for so much of his work as shall be out of the course indicated.

5. Every Collier and other Worker, previous to leaving his employment, shall give to his Underlooker or Superintendent a full fortnight’s notice of his intention so to do, or forfeit all wages under the laws for the regulation of masters and servants; and every Collier and Worker (except in cases of misconduct, which shall subject him to immediate dismissal) shall be entitled to receive a similar notice previous to his discharge.

6. Every Worker shall be responsible for all Tools and Property which he may have belonging to his Employers until he shall have restored the same to the proper person appointed to receive the same.

7. Every Collier shall cease working if the roof is bad; and, if any Collier refuses to prop and make his place safe, the Fireman or Officer in charge shall either send such person out of the Pit, or provide other men to make the place safe, and deduct the cost from the wages of the person so neglecting to make the place safe. if a place cannot be made safe at once, the work must stop until it can be made safe.

8. No person, except the Engineer, shall be allowed in any of the Winding Engine-houses at any of the Collieries, without the special permission of the Manager or Underlooker of the Pit when the Engine is Winding.

9. No workmen shall be allowed to ride on any Train, Wagon, Horse, or Donkey, nor to proceed along the Jig-brow whilst the rope is in motion; and any Workman being found on or about the Colliery in a state of intoxication, shall be liable to instant dismissal; and no Workman shall strike or ill-use another, or create any disturbance in the mine, or upon the surface, or swear at, or use abusive language towards, or interfere with, any Underlooker or other officer in the discharge of his duties.

10. Every Workman using a Safety Lamp with a shield attached to it, must keep the shield down, particularly when travelling.

11. Every Drawer seen going before his Tub, or not using proper scotches, will be sent out of the Pit, or fined heavily. If fined, it will be deducted from the wages of the Collier who employs him.

12. Every Workman accompanying a house under the Company, shall be held to have a specially agreed, that the wages remaining unpaid to him at the time of his ceasing to be employed, shall not be payable to him until he shall have given up possession of such house or premises, and paid all rent due.

13. No wages shall be paid except on the usual pay-days; and every Collier and other workman to whom, at his request, the Company shall have supplied materials, tolls, or implements, for the use in his work, shall pay for the same at the first time he shall receive his wages; and a like payment shall be made for rent, where any such shall be owing, for a dwelling occupied by him under the Company.

14. Every Collier, Engineer, or other Work-person, shall be and become a member of the benefit club established in connection with the Haydock, Ashton, Parr, and Edge Green Collieries; and shall pay or contribute such weekly or another sum to he funds thereof as by the rules of the said club he ought to pay or contribute, and shall permit and authorize the same to be deducted from his wages when and as due.

15. Every Collier, Engineer, or other Work-person, shall hold himself engaged to work at such Colliery or place, and at such work, as his Employers shall from time to time determine and require, without regard to the Colliery, place, or work at or on which he may at first or afterwards be, or have been employed.

16. For the greater safety of the Works and Workmen, every Collier shall, in hiring his Drawer, bind the drawer to observe the foregoing Rules. The Collier shall deliver to the Drawer, at the time of such hiring, a printed copy of the Rules, to be supplied to him for that purpose by the Company. The Drawer shall thenceforth, during his employment under such Collier at these works, remain subject to those Rules. Every Collier so hiring a Drawer, shall irrevocably authorize the company’s Manager, in the name of the Collier, but at the expense of the Company, to prefer and prosecute any complaint against such Drawer for the violation of the Rules.

17. The Act of Parliament having required that all persons employed in or about the Coal Mines or Collieries, shall have a copy of the General and Special Rules supplied to them on their applying for the same, such copies shall be supplied at the Colliery Office or by the Underlookers, and shall be charged at the rate of fourpence for each copy, which shall be retained out of his first wages, and shall be returned to him on his returning the copies to the office on leaving the employ.



1. An adequate amount of ventilation shall be constantly produced in all Coal Mines or Collieries and Ironstone Mines, to dilute and render harmless noxious Gases to such an extent that the working places of the Pits, Levels and Workings of every Colliery and Mine, and the travelling Roads to and from such working-places, shall, under ordinary circumstances, be in a fit state for working and passing therein.

2. All Entrances to any place not in the actual course of Working and Extension, and suspecting to contain dangerous Gas of any kind, shall be properly fenced off, so as to prevent access

3. Whenever Safety Lamps are required to be used, they shall be first examined and securely locked by a person or persons duly authorized for this purpose.

4. Every Shaft or Pit which is out of use, or used only as an Airpit, shall be securely fenced.

5. Every working and pumping Pit or Shaft shall be properly fenced when operations shall have ceased or been suspended.

6. Every working and pumping Pit and Shaft, when the natural Strata, under ordinary circumstances, are not safe, shall be securely cased or lined, or otherwise made secure.

7. Every working Pit or Shaft shall be provided with some proper means of communicating distinct and definite Signals from the bottom of the shaft to the surface, and from the surface to the bottom of the Shaft.

8. All underground Self-acting and Engine Planes on which persons travel, are to be provided with some proper means of signalling between the Stopping- places and the Ends of the Planes, and with sufficient Places of Refuge at the Sides of such Planes, at intervals of not more the Twenty Yards.

9. A sufficient Cover overhead shall be used when lowering or raising persons in every Working Pit or Shaft where required by the Inspectors.

10. No Single-linked Chain shall be used when lowering or raising persons in any Working Pit or Shaft, except the short Coupling Chain attached to the Cage or Load.

11. Flanges of Horns of sufficient length or diameter shall be attached to the Drum of every Machine used for lowering or raising persons.

12. A proper Indicator, to show the Position of the Load in the Pit or Shaft, and also an adequate Break, shall be attached to every Machine worked by Steam or Water Power, used for lowering or raising persons.

13. Every Steam Boiler shall be provided with a proper Steam Gauge, Water Gauge, and Safety Valve.

14. The Fly Wheel of every Engine shall be securely fenced.

15. Sufficient Boreholes shall be kept in advance, and, if necessary, on both Sides, to prevent Inundations in every Working approaching a place likely to contain a dangerous accumulation of Water.



1. DESCENDING AND ASCENDING PITS. — No Work-person shall descend the Pit contrary to the directions of the Banksman, or ascend contrary to the instructions of the Hooker-on. Nor shall he go down or up with a greater number of persons at a time than specified in a notice placed near the top of the Pit nor on top of the Cage, or cage contains a full load of tubs, nor against a full tub, nor until proper signals have been given and distinctly understood. Nor shall he take loose material down the pit, unless it sees securely placed in the Cage or Tub. He shall not be under the Pit’s mouth whilst the Cage or Tub is in motion; nor shall he leave open any Rail or other Fence at a mouthing or opening into a shaft or

2. ON GOING TO WORK. — Every Work-person shall obey strictly the instructions of the Underlooker or other Officer under whose control he may happen to be, as to the work required to be done. He shall work only where they permit, and shall not go into any part of the Workings, except such as he may necessarily pass through in going to and from his work.

3. FIRE DAMP SIGNALS. — If Fire Damp has been found in any of the Shafts or Workings, no Work-person shall proceed further than the Station to be appointed for that purpose from time to time, until the Underlooker or fireman had been through the levels, workings, and travelling roads, to ascertain that they are safe, If any part is found unsafe from fire damp, or from any other cause, the Underlooker or Fireman will put up in some conspicuous place, at a sufficient distance from the point of danger, a well-known signal, or a board, on which shall be legibly painted on a black background the word “Fire”, facing the entrance. No Work-person shall pass belong such a signal, without the special directions of the Underlooker or Fireman. If the place is safe the Underlooker or Fireman will put a well known signal, or the other side of the board painted white, facing the entrance, by which the Work-person shall know that the place has been examined and found safe for him to enter. if the place is safe, he shall remove the signal or board to a place appointed by the fireman for use the next day.

4. WORK-PERSONS TO EXAMINE FOR THEMSELVES.— In addition to the examination by the Underlooker, fireman, or another official, each Work-person must satisfy himself of the safety of his own working place before commencing work, both at the beginning of a shaft, and after any intermission of working, and whilst at work.

5. SAFETY LAMPS. — Whenever Safety-Lamps are required to be used, no Work-person shall use or attempt to use any such lamp, until it had first been examined and locked by a person duly authorized; and at the beginning of a shift, or after an intermission of working, no Work-person shall enter his working place with any light except a safety-lamp; and every Work-person, upon being ordered by the Underlooker, or Fireman, or other Officer, shall cease to use in the pit in which he may work, any naked light, and shall withdraw from the place until he is provided with a good safety-lamp, with a proper lock, and which shall have been examined and licked as aforesaid. in the lamp become damaged or extinguished, he shall not open it but shall take or send it to the appointed station, and the proper officer shall either provide him with a fresh lamp. or unlock and relight it; or if the gauze of his lamp becomes smeared with oil, or clogged with dust, he shall cease using the lamp until it shall have been properly cleaned; and no oversight on the part of the person authorised above shall be an excuse for any Work-person having the in Mine an open, unlocked, insecure, or defective Safety-lamp.

6. FIRE DAMP AND FALL OF ROOF.— No Work-person shall enter any place suspected to contain Fire Damp, except with a Safety-Lamp, and then only under the special directions of the Underlooker, Fireman, or another officer in charge of the Pit; and when approaching any place suspected of containing fire Damp, and also when taking props likely to occasion a fall of roof and give off Fire Damp, he shall cease using any naked light in such place, and immediately give notice and apply through the proper Officer for a Safety- Lamp. If he strikes through into any old working suspected to contain Fire Damp or other noxious gas, he shall at once stop up the hole, and inform the Officer in charge.

7. ON GETTING INTO FIRE DAMP. — Any Work-person getting into Firedamp, shall not throw away his lamp, or attempt to blow it out, but shall hold it near the floor, extinguish it by drawing down the wick, avoid jerking the lamp, and steadily retire into the fresh air.

8. LEAVING LIGHTS AND FIRING GAS. — No Work-person shall leave any light in his place of work, or in any part of the workings, unless it be under the care of some other person remaining therein; nor shall he light a Blower or accumulation of gas.

9. WHEN FIRING A SHOT.— Where Safety-Lamps are partially used, and blasting is permitted, no Work-person shall fire a shot until he has first carefully examined the air in that particular place; and if it is in the least explosive, no blasting shall take place until the cause of the danger had been removed. When Safety-Lamps are exclusively used, no shot shall be fired except in the presence and by the direction of the Fireman or Underlooker.

10. POWDER AND MISSING SHOTS. — No Work-person shall take down the pit any gunpowder or Blasting powder unless it is secured in a flask or horn, and only a sufficient quantity for one day’s use, nor drill out a shot that had missed fire except by a copper drill or water; nor shall he approach any charge or shot until at least ten minutes after such a charge had missed fire.

11. SMOKING TOBACCO &c. — In those places where Safety-Lamps are used, no person shall smoke tobacco, or take any match into the pit, or open his lamp, or try a place with a naked light to see if it contains Fire Damp, or where prohibited, use gunpowder.

12. SPRAGGING AND PROPPING. — Every Collier and Miner shall set a sufficient number of sprags during holing, and shall, where necessary, securely prop the roof of his place; and if, upon application to the Underlooker or Fireman, he should not be provided with sufficient sprags and props, he shall cease working, and report the same to the Manager or at the General Office.

13. DOORS AND VENTILATION. — No Work-person shall injure or interfere with any Aircourse, Brattice, or Stopping, or leave open any door he found shut, nor do anything to check the ventilation of the Mine, or damage the property of the owner.

14. FURNACE-MEN. — Every Furnace-man shall carefully attend to the Furnace under his charge, and shall constantly keep a clean brisk fire. Where day and night Furnace-men are employed, one shall not leave until the other come, except to inform of his nonattendance, – and in such case, he shall return with all speed.

15. LAMP-MEN. — The person in charge of the Safety-Lamps shall daily examine and lock each lamp, and see that it is in good order, and clean, and free from any broken wire or wide space in the gauze; also that it has a closely fitting hoop inside the gauze, and that the pricker fits the hole.

16. WHEN SINKING OR REPAIRING SHAFTS. — No Work-person shall send down or up any Shaft or Pit being sunk or repaired, blocks of stone or pieces of rock unless the same be securely placed in a cage or tub, cage or hoppet.

17. RIDING ON TUBS. — No person shall ride upon any engine Plane, Self-acting Plane, or Break Road, or upon any train of loaded tubs, without the permission of the Manager or Underlooker.

18. TO OBEY PARTICULAR INSTRUCTIONS. — Every collier shall work according to such instructions as may from time to time be given him; and, when ordered by the Underlooker, shall keep a borehole in advance of, and on each side of, his place of work.

19. TO GIVE INFORMATION. — Every Work-person shall give immediate information to the Underlooker, Fireman, or another officer, of any firedamp or other noxious Gas, or any unusual quantity of water, or of any insecurity of the Roof or any other part of the workings, or of the Shafts, Ladders, or Stages, or of any Air-door being left open, or partially so, and also on cutting into old workings.



20. ROPES AND CAGES. — The banksman shall frequently examine the Ropes, Chains, Carriages, and Cages, and all their couplings. He shall report any defect in the same to the Manager or Underlooker; and, if it be of a nature to endanger the Work-persons employed, he shall immediately give notice to he Engineman, who shall cease using the same for drawing up or letting down any person, until the defect had been remedied. The Banksman shall keep the frame and surface near the Pit’s mouth free from coal, stones, or loose materials, and shall put up the fences at the Pit mouth when operations have ceased.

21. STRANGERS.— The Banksman, Hooker-on, and Engineman respectively, shall prevent from going down the Pit after the time fixed; nor shall they allow any person to go down the Pit in a state of intoxication, or take intoxicating liquor down the Pit, or entering the Mine, any person not employed therein, unless by a written order from the Manager, or by the directions of the Manager or Underlooker.

22. WORKING HOURS. — The Banksman and Engineman shall not allow any person to go down the Pit after the time fixed; nor shall they allow any person to go down the Pit in a state of intoxication, or take intoxicating liquor down the Pit; nor shall any person drink it upon the works, except by permission of the Manager or Underlooker.

23. SIGNALS.— The following signals shall be observed:

  • One knock — to stop when the engine is in motion;
  • One knock — to go on when the Engine is standing;
  • Two knocks — to lower;
  • Three knocks — when any person is going to ascend or descend.
  • Other signals may be appointed for special occasions, which shall be printed and hung at the top and the bottom of the Pit, and also in the Engine-house belonging to such Pit.

24. SIGNALS TO GO UP AND DOWN — The Hooker-on and the Banksman shall give the proper signal to the Engineman, to raise and lower the Cages and Tubs, before any person shall be allowed to go down the Pit or Incline; and shall not allow a greater number of persons to ascend or descend the Pit, at one time, than shall be specified in the notice at the top of the Pit, and shall inform the Underlooker if any person disobeys their directions.

25. SIGNAL TO HOOKER-ON. — The Banksman shall not allow any person to descend a Pit until he has signalled the Hooker-on that someone is about to descend, and had the signal back, and the Hooker-on shall then send up the empty Cage or Tub.

26. RIDING WITH TOOLS, &c. — The banksman or Hooker-on shall not allow any person to go up or down the Pit with Tools, Props, or other things, until he has seen them secured, and shall not allow any person to get up on or off the Cage or Tub when it is in motion. They shall see that the means of signalling for the Pits and Inclines are kept in good order.

27. HOOKER-ON TO LOCK SAFETY LAMPS. — The Hooker-on, when directed by the Underlooker, shall unlock, light, and relock the Safety Lamps of those Work-persons who are ordered to use them, and shall not allow any such work-persons to go from the Pit Eye until he has ascertained that such Lamps are locked; and in such case, the Hooker-on, so directed, shall be held as duly authorized for that duty.

28. WATER IN BOILERS. — The Engineman shall not exceed the allowed pressure of Steam and shall maintain a proper depth of water in each Boiler; and, if anything happens to prevent this, he shall immediately damp the fire, and report it to the Underlooker or Superintendent.

29. ROPES, ENGINE, MACHINERY, AND BOILERS. — The Engineman shall run the Ropes of the Pit up and down every morning before any person descends; and he shall, at least daily, and at every opportunity, examine the state of the Engine, Machinery, and Boilers under his care, and shall report any defect to the Underlooker or Superintendent as soon as possible; and, if dangerous, he shall not work the engine until it is repaired.

30. ROPES, DRUMS, AND ENGINE HOUSE.— The Engineman shall examine all Ropes or Chains fixed to the Verticals, Drums, Cages or Tubs, and see that they are properly fastened and that the Flanges or Horns of the Drum shall project above the outer coil of rope or chain; and if he finds any defect, he shall immediately inform the Manager or Superintendent and shall not, without the permission of the Manager, Underlooker, or Superintendent, allow any person to enter the Engine-house, or to work or handle the Engine.

31. NOT TO LEAVE THE ENGINE. — The Engineman shall on no account whatever leave his Engine during the time anyone is going up or down the Pit or Incline.

32. DOUBTFUL SIGNALS.— The Engineman shall attend to the Signals, and, if they are not distinct, he shall wait until they are repeated.



33. GENERAL CONTROL. — All operative details below ground shall be under the charge of the principal underlooker, or, in his absence, of the Assistant Underlooker, who shall see that the Fireman, and other Work-persons in their several departments, discharge their several and respective duties.

34. OBSERVANCE OF GENERAL RULES. — The Underlooker, Fireman, and all other Officers shall, each in his department, and as regards all matters under his charge, efficiently carry out the GENERAL RULES.

35. NUMBER TO RIDE. — The Underlooker shall specify from time to time the number of persons who shall be allowed to go down or come up the Pit or Incline at one time, and shall put up and maintain, in a legible state, at the top of the Pit or Incline, a notice stating the same.

36. UNDERLOOKER TO EXAMINE ROPES, &c. — The Underlooker or other appointed person, in addition to the duties imposed on the Engineer or Banksman frequently and carefully examine the state of the Engineer or Banksman, frequently and carefully examine the state of every Engine and Boiler, and the Winding Ropes and Chains, and other Apparatus, at every Pit under his control or supervision, and shall, on perceiving or receiving notice of any defect therein, immediately stop the Winding Engine if requisite, and take the necessary measures for remedying such defect.

37. VENTILATION UNDER SCAFFOLDS. — The Underlooker and Fireman shall see that there is sufficient ventilation in the sump, and below each scaffold, and elsewhere in the Shaft. The sump shall be kept covered or fenced off.

38. GENERAL DUTIES. — The Underlooker, or person acting for him, shall frequently and carefully examine the workings of the Pits in his charge, the state of the ventilation, and Furnace (if any), the Air Doors and roof, and the direction and width of the roads are fixed so that they will close themselves; and that two sets of doors be placed between the intake and return Air Courses, in all cases where practicable. He shall examine, or appoint some competent person to examine the Shafts, Conductors, and Bearers, or Horse Trees, at least once a month, and more frequently if necessary, and shall, upon finding anything dangerous or defective, cause such danger or defect to be repaired. The Underlooker or Fireman shall, when necessary, and from time to time, appoint the Stations mentioned in Rule No.3.

39. SAFETY LAMPS. — The Underlooker, Fireman, or other Officer, shall ascertain the necessity for using lamps, and cause them to be examined and locked; and shall, when approaching any place suspected to contain Fire Damp, or upon receiving notice of danger, or otherwise ascertaining the necessity for using Safety Lamps, order such Lamps to be used.

40. SPRAGGING AND PROPPING, &c. — The Underlooker or the Fireman shall personally see that the furnaces in their charge are in good repair, and carefully attended, and shall examine, as often as practicable, the state of the Roof in the travelling roads and in the working places of the men, and shall upon such examinations cause the Roof to be propped or otherwise made secure, and the Coal securely spragged where necessary, and shall see that sufficient props are provided; but this shall not be held in any way to relieve the Working-persons of the duty of securely propping the Roofs of their own places, in terms of Special Rule No. 12.

41. GATES AT THE MOUTHINGS. — The underlooker, or person acting in his absence, shall see that every Mouthing or Opening into the shaft, elsewhere than at the bottom of the Shaft, shall be provided with a rail, Chain, or Gate, and shall give proper orders for the same to be kept closed when the person in charge of such Mouthing or Opening is absent, or when the working is suspended.

42. BOILERS. — The Underlooker, or Superintendent, to whom such duty shall have committed, shall inspect, as often as practicable, the state of every Steam-gauge, Watergauge, Safety-valve, and Boiler, and cause them to be kept in good repair.

43. FIREMAN’S DUTIES. — The Underlooker shall inform the Fireman what portion of the Workings is under his charge, and the Fireman shall go to the Pit at the time appointed by the Underlooker, and shall descend the Pit and carefully examine, with a Safety Lamp, the state of the Ventilation in all the Working Places and Travelling Roads, and ascertain that they are in a safe condition before any Work-person shall be permitted to go beyond the respective station mentioned in Rule 3; and if he finds any part unsafe, he shall put up in some conspicuous place, as appointed from time to time by the Underlooker, and at a
sufficient distance from the point of danger, the Signal or Board mentioned in Special Rule, No. 3.

44. FIREMAN TO EXAMINE ALL ACCESSIBLE PARTS. — The Fireman shall frequently examine all accessible parts of the Mine under his charge, whether frequented by Work-persons or not, and he shall instantly take measures for removing any cause of danger.

45. NOTICE OF NON-ATTENDANCE. — Any Officer, when unable to attend his work, shall cause his superior to be informed in sufficient time to enable him to find a substitute.

46. WAGES. — The Wages for each person, IMMEDIATELY employed by the “Owner or Agent,” shall be paid at the Office at the Colliery, situate in Haydock, Ashton or edge Green aforesaid, which is there indicated as “THE OWNER OR AGENT’S PAY OFFICE.” The wages of each person Not immediately employed by the Owner or Agent shall be paid at the Office of the Colliery, situate as aforesaid, which is there indicated as “THE CONTRACTOR’S PAY OFFICE,” and every person other than the Owner or Agent shall pay all such Wages at this office in accordance with the 28th section of the Statute 23 and 24 Vict. cap. 151.



Every person, employed in or about a Coal Mine or Colliery, who neglects or willfully violates any of the Special rules established for such Coal Mine or Colliery, and shall, for every such offence, be liable to a penalty not exceeding Two Pounds, or be imprisoned, with or without Hard Labour. in the Common Jail or House of correction, not exceeding Three Calendar Months, or to be proceeded against and punished according to the provisions of the Act 4th George IV., chapter 34; and every person who pulls down, injures, or defaces any Notice hung up or fixed, as required by the Act for the Inspection of Coal Mines (18th and 19th of Victoria, chapter 108), shall, for every offence, be liable to a penalty not exceeding Forty Shillings.

Any person willfully obstructing an Inspector in carrying out the act shall, for every such offence, be liable to a penalty not exceeding Ten Pounds.


Information supplied by Ian Winstanley and the Coal Mining History Resource Centre.

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