James John Freund died in Nottingham on 18th January, 1950, at the age of 64.

He received his professional training at the Camborne School of Mines from 1902 to 1905, obtaining the first-class Diploma and We prizes and Bronze medals of the City and Guilds of London Institute and the Board of Education.

From 1906 to 1909 he was in charge of the manganese mines of Central Provinces Prospecting Syndicate, Ltd., in India, and in the latter year took up the appointment of engineer in charge of Kanivehalli manganese mines, Sandur State, Madras, for General Sandur Mining Co., Ltd., of Brussels.

Mr. Freund returned to England in 1914 and enlisted in the 24th Royal Fusiliers. He was commissioned in the Royal Engineers in the following year and served in France, being awarded the Croix de Guerre in February, 1917. He was demobilized in 1919 with the rank of captain and for three years was in business in Nottingham on his own account.

He returned to India in 1922 to take up the appointment of mines manager for Indian Manganese Co., Ltd., Central Provinces, and six years later became general manager of General Sandur Mining Co., Ltd. Mr. Freund retired from mining in 1932 and became a partner in a Nottingham manufacturing firm.

He was elected an Associate Member of the Institution in 1912 and was transferred to Membership in 1918.

Vol. 60, Trans IMM 1950-51, p.255

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